As electronic devices and the batteries needed to power them get smaller, the batteries are required to have a higher energy density while maintaining rapid charging/discharging. At Nichicon, we developed our LTO batteries to have a higher energy density and output than other types of batteries.
What is a high energy density battery?
A high energy density battery is a battery that can store a lot of energy within a small cell. It is important to understand the distinction between high power density and high energy density. Power density refers to the amount of power within the mass of the battery. A high-power density battery can put out a large amount of power based on its mass. A high energy density battery may not always be a high-power density battery as it may put out a controlled amount of energy over a long period of time.
Our LTO batteries at Nichicon are high energy density batteries with higher power density capabilities. By having higher-power density our batteries approach the power density of electric double-layer capacitors (EDLCs). The high energy and high-power density of our LTO batteries are also what allow for rapid charging and discharging.
Our high energy density batteries have the following characteristics:
- Lightweight high energy density: Our LTO batteries have diameters as low as 3 millimeters with a maximum voltage of 2.8V, which is almost double that of alkaline or manganese batteries. This means you need fewer batteries which saves space.
- Excellent discharge characteristics: More than eight times as many charge/discharge cycles compared to lithium-ion batteries.
- Excellent self-discharge resistance: Our LTO batteries have superior self-discharge characteristics compared to EDLC’s.
- Excellent long-term reliability: The lithium-titanium-oxide (LTO) batteries we produce use lithium titanate as the anode active material which is less resistant than carbon-based materials used in standard lithium-ion batteries. Lithium-titanate reduces consumption of the electrolyte resulting in a longer lifespan.
What are the advantages of Nichicon high energy density batteries?
Our high energy density lithium batteries can provide a high amount of energy in a small battery cell for rapid charging/ discharging, long lifespan, and almost double the output voltage of other types of batteries. They also have higher power density characteristics than typical lithium-ion batteries while being more resistant to thermal runway.
The main advantages of our high energy density lithium batteries include the following:
- Rapid charging:Our LTO battery incorporates a rechargeable design with significantly improved charging current, ensuring faster and safer charging compared to conventional lithium-ion batteries.
- Micro size:Our micro LTO battery is designed to be incredibly lightweight and occupies minimal space, making it an ideal choice for applications with limited space constraints.
- Long lifespan:These batteries are engineered to have an extended life cycle, demonstrating minimal capacity deterioration in charge/discharge cycle tests. The utilization of lithium titanate in the anode contributes to their longevity by minimizing electrolyte consumption during SEI formation.
- Maintenance free:Our LTO batteries do not require maintenance or periodic replacement.
- Sustainable:These batteries comply with international environmental requirements, such as RoHS while meeting standards for both disposal and operation.
- High power density:These high-power discharge batteries possess an input/output density that rivals that of super capacitors.
- Enhanced safety and reliability:Our LTO batteries surpass the safety and reliability standards of typical lithium-ion batteries.
- Low temperature:Designed to excel in frigid conditions, our low-temperature batteries can be efficiently charged and discharged even at temperatures as low as -30°C. The unique composition of lithium titanate reduces the risk of thermal runaway by limiting lithium metal deposition, mitigating oxygen combustion reactions often associated with standard lithium-ion batteries.
- High energy density:Our LTO batteries achieve a higher energy density comparable to capacitors.
- High power discharge:These batteries excel in high discharge scenarios, allowing for rapid and complete discharge.
- UL 1642 & IEC 62133-2 certified
- ISO 9001, IATF 16949 & ISO 14001 certified
What are the application areas of high energy density batteries?
Our LTO batteries offer outstanding capabilities for diverse applications. They can serve as standalone power solutions or complement other batteries and power sources to extend the lifespan of the primary source. These adaptable LTO batteries are perfect for a broad spectrum of uses, such as consumer devices, portable scanners, data centers, smart metering systems, measuring equipment, and other situations where compactness, higher voltage, and enhanced energy capacity play vital roles.
Our high energy density batteries can be used in the following applications:
- IIoT and IoT applications
- Space constrained applications
- Wireless sensors
- Asset tracking applications
- Energy harvesting applications using intermittent ambient energy sources
The high energy density lithium batteries from Nichicon have a higher voltage output than many other batteries, superior performance and charge/ discharge capabilities, and a longer lifespan. You can expect consistent performance in a small size. To learn more about our high-density batteries, call Nichicon or talk to a distributor or sales rep in your area.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONs
The lithium titanate battery (LTO) shares many characteristics with the lithium-ion battery. One difference is the LTO anode. An LTO battery uses lithium titanate oxide, while a lithium-ion battery uses carbon. By using lithium titanate, the battery has a significant performance improvement.
The SLB is a battery with long leads, just like a standard capacitor. The leaded profile allows for soldering directly to the circuit board using hand soldering or a select solder technique. Lithium Titanate batteries require an additional mounting bracket or holder placed on a circuit board. The Nichicon SLB (LTO) take less board space allowing them to be used in very compact or densely populated circuit boards.
LTO batteries are safer; they have an extremely small risk of ignition if there is a short. The SLB, Nichicon’s LTO battery, has superior charge and discharge capabilities, such as a 20C charge rate. Even higher rates are possible with pulsed discharges, like those used in telecommunications.
‘The SLB can withstand up to 25,000 charge/discharge cycles and have a lower cold temperature rating than a lithium-ion battery. And its low internal resistance allows energy harvesters to charge with weak currents without loss. They will not ignite if a short occurs. In addition to the advantages previously mentioned, the SLB comes in aluminum electrolytic case styles and size.
LTO batteries provide a substantial increase in capacity and demonstrate minimal self-discharge, distinguishing them from electric double-layer capacitors and enabling prolonged discharge. Remarkably, smaller rechargeable LTO batteries offer an impressive 20-30-fold increase in energy density compared to equivalently sized electric double-layer capacitors. Leveraging this significant advantage, our LTO batteries present a viable alternative to electric double-layer capacitors, delivering consistent power output over extended periods.
Our LTO batteries stand out in terms of their rapid charging, discharging, and extended lifespan, surpassing the capabilities of typical lithium-ion batteries while ensuring enhanced safety. Conventional lithium-ion rechargeable batteries face difficulties in achieving high power discharge, but our LTO batteries effortlessly handle this challenge with exceptional charge/discharge performance and remarkably fast charging times. The ability of LTO batteries to charge rapidly makes them ideal for devices that require quick charging intervals or scenarios. Unlike lithium-ion batteries LTO batteries can also be charged with weaker or low charging currents.